Rare Indian Lipstick Plant Witnessed in Arunachal Pradesh

NATIONAL

A rare Lipstick plant was rediscovered by the Researchers at the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) from remote Anjaw district in Arunachal Pradesh after 100 years. The plant is called the d ‘Indian lipstick plant’ due to the appearance of its tubular red corolla.

The plant named ‘Aeschynanthus monetaria Dunn’ was identified by British botanist Stephen Troyte Dunn in 1912 for the first time. It was discovered based on the plant samples gathered from Arunachal Pradesh by another English botanist, Isaac Henry Burkill. After 1912, the plant was rediscovered in India.

Chowlu collected a few specimens of Aeschynanthus from Hyuliang and Chipru of the Anjaw district in December 2021.

The plant belongs to the genus name ‘Aeschynanthus’. The name is derived from the Greek aischyne or aischyn, which means shame or to feel embarrassed respectively, and anthos, which means flower.

Aeschynanthus monetaria Dunn is morphologically unique and distinct among all the Aeschynanthus species known from India by its fleshy orbicular leaves with a greenish upper surface and purplish-green lower surface. 

BSI scientist Krishna Chowlu collected a few specimens of Aeschynanthus collected from Hyuliang and Chipru of Anjaw district in December 2021.

 

   Important points for the exam:

  • A rare plant  was rediscovered by the Researchers at the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) from remote Anjaw district in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The plant is callethe d ‘Indian lipstick plant’ due to the appearance of tubular red corolla.
  • The plant named ‘Aeschynanthus monetaria Dunn’ was identified by British botanist Stephen Troyte Dunn in 1912 for the first time. 
  • BSI scientist Krishna Chowlu collected a few specimens of Aeschynanthus was collected from Hyuliang and Chipru of Anjaw district in December 2021.

   Facts to know:

  • Botanical Survey of India (BSI) was established in 1890.
  • Headquarters of BSI: Kolkata.
  • BSI functions under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
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