Oak Ridge National Laboratory Installed a new USA-Built Supercomputer Called Frontier

DEFENCE, SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

A new USA-built supercomputer called ‘Frontier’ was installed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to become the world's fastest supercomputer. It was declared through the 59th TOP500 list published by the International Conference of Computer Experts.

It was built using Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) architecture and equipped with Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) processors. It is the world’s first supercomputer to break the exascale speed barrier which has 8,730,112 total cores.

It overtook ‘Fugaku', the fastest supercomputer in Japan in 2020, which was developed by the Riken Institute and Fujitsu. It has a Linmark benchmark score of 442 petaflops (1 exaflop is equivalent to 1,000 petaflops). Now, it has dethroned to the second-most powerful supercomputer and has 7,630,848 cores.

It is the first to achieve an unprecedented level of computing performance known as exascale, a threshold of a quintillion calculations per second.

The supercomputer operates at the speed of 2 exaflops or two quintillion calculations per second making it 10 times more powerful than ORNL's Summit system. With this speed, the supercomputer will be able to help with modelling and simulating complex scientific research, across biological, physical and chemical sciences. 

Additionally, the Frontier supercomputer topped the Green500 list as the world’s most energy-efficient supercomputer with 52.23 gigaflops performance per watt. At this performance, the supercomputer is 32% more energy-efficient compared to the other supercomputers.

A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer. 

 

   Important points for the exam:

  • US-built Supercomputer ‘Frontier’ become the world's fastest supercomputer based on the data released by the 59th TOP500 list published by the International Conference of Computer Experts.
  • Also, the supercomputer topped the Green500 list as the world’s most energy-efficient supercomputer with 52.23 gigaflops performance per watt.
  • It was built using Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) architecture and equipped with Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) processors.
  • The supercomputer operates at the speed of 2 exaflops or two quintillion calculations per second making it 10 times more powerful than ORNL's Summit system.
  • It overtook ‘Fugaku', the fastest supercomputer in Japan in 2020, which was developed by the Riken Institute and Fujitsu. Now, it became the second-most powerful supercomputer.

   Facts to know:

  • A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
  • PARAM ANANTA, India’s supercomputer was installed recently at IIT-Gandhinagar.
  • PARAM PORUL, India’s supercomputer was installed recently at NIT-Tiruchirappalli.
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