Road Accidents in India-2020

INDEX / REPORTS

The report ‘Road accidents in India — 2020’ was recently released by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH). The report was prepared by the Transport Research Wing (TRW) of the MoRTH.

As per the report, the year 2020 registered the greatest number of road accidents in the last 20 years.

Two-wheeler accidents were at the top with 43.5% of the total recorded accidents. The number of two-wheeler accidents was raised to 57, 282 in 2020 compared to 55,336 in 2018 and 56,136 in 2019.

But the number of two-wheeler occupants who were killed for not wearing helmets has decreased in 2020 to 39,589 compared to 44,666 in 2019. This is because of the strong enforcement of helmet rules.

For the second consecutive year, the total number of road accident fatalities has declined in 2020. The fatalities due to the jumping of traffic lights have increased by 79%.

Among the fatalities during 2020, Young adults (18-45 years of age) accounted for 69% of victims and working-age people (18-60 years of age) accounted for 87.4% of total road accident fatalities.

As per the report, about 36% (43,412) of total accidents took place on National Highways and about 25% (30,171) accidents on State Highways. 

A similar report published by the National Crime Record Bureau in 2021, revealed that out of 100 road crashes there were at least 37 lives lost.

 

   Important points for the exam:

  • The report ‘Road accidents in India — 2020’ was recently released by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH). 
  • The report was prepared by the Transport Research Wing (TRW) of the MoRTH.
  • As per the report, the year 2020 registered the greatest number of road accidents in the last 20 years.
  • Two-wheeler accidents were at the top with 43.5% of the total recorded accidents. 
  • The fatalities due to the jumping of traffic lights have increased by 79%.
  • As per the report, about 36% (43,412) of total accidents took place on National Highways and about 25% (30,171) accidents on State Highways. 

   Facts to know:

  • Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways: Mr.Nitin Gadkari.
  • Longest National Highway of India: NH 44 - 3,745 km.
  • Shortest National Highway of India: NH 118 - 5 km.
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