INDEX / REPORTS
The 20th edition of the World Press Freedom Index-2022 was published by the Reporters Without Borders (RSF). The report assessed the state of journalism in 180 countries and territories.
As per the new methodology, press freedom is defined as the “the effective possibility for journalists, as individuals and as groups, to select, produce and disseminate news and information in the public interest, independently from political, economic, legal and social interference, and without threats to their physical and mental safety”.
The report highlights the disastrous effects of news and information chaos and also highlighted the effects of a globalized and unregulated online information space that encourages fake news and propaganda.
The index also reveals a two-fold increase in polarization amplified by information chaos – that is, media polarization fuelling divisions within countries, as well as polarization between countries at the international level.
The index was topped by Norway (1st), Denmark (2nd), Sweden (3rd) Estonia (4th) and Finland (5th) and last position was held by North Korea (180th). North Korea was preceded by Eritrea (179th), Iran (178th), Turkmenistan (177th) and Myanmar (176th).
In this edition, with a global score of 41, India got 150th rank out of 180 countries in the World Press Freedom Index. India was ranked at 142nd in the previous year’s edition. Rank of India’s neighboring countries in the RSF 2022 World Press Freedom Index - Bhutan (33rd), Nepal (76th), Sri Lanka (146th), Pakistan (157th), Bangladesh (162nd) and Myanmar (176th).
The rank of other important countries in this edition are Russia (155th), China (175th), the United States (42nd), France (26th), and Poland (66th).
The World Press Freedom Index was published for the first time in 2002. It ranks countries and regions according to the level of freedom available to journalists.