ICMR-National Institute of Immunohematology Developed Test Kit for Hemophilia and Von Willebrand’s Disease

DEFENCE, SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

A simple and rapid result test kit was developed to test for the diseases Haemophilia and Von Willebrand’s disease(VWD). It was developed by the ICMR-National Institute of Immunohematology, Mumbai.

These low-cost, Make in India kits can be used in primary health centers which can give very fast results. With this, people will get the result of the test of the disease-related to it in a short time. The invention of the kit will bring great relief to the people of those areas where more patients of Haemophilia and Von Willebrand diseases are found and diagnostic facilities are limited in those areas. In primary health centers, the diseases can be diagnosed without the need for skilled technical personnel or expensive equipment.

ICMR Develops rapid Test Kit for Bleeding Disorders - Von Willebrand disease and hemophilia. This kit has got the green signal from the Drugs Controller General of India (DGCI) and it has been called for mass production of the kit. 

Von Willebrand disease is a bleeding disorder where the blood keeps on flowing continuously as the level of von Willebrand factor is reduced in the body. Due to this, there is less clotting in your blood, due to which the bleeding does not stop immediately.

In the case of hemophilia also, the bleeding of a person does not stop even if there is a slight injury in the patient’s body. It is estimated that India is home to one lakh hemophilia patients.

The process of diagnosing involves that on a small strip, 2 microliter blood plasma samples need to be dropped to test for hemophilia, vWD. Within 10 minutes you can get the results. In conventional laboratories, the process would take around 2-3 hours. 

   Important points for the exam:

  • A new test kit was developed by the ICMR-National Institute of Immunohematology (ICMR-NIIH).
  • The kit was developed with an objective to test for the diseases Hemophilia and Von Willebrand’s disease (VWD) and provide the result in a very short time i.e. 10 min.
  • These low-cost, Make in India kits can be used in primary health centers where the diseases can be diagnosed without the need for skilled technical personnel or expensive equipment.
  • Both Von Willebrand and hemophilia disease are a bleeding disorder where the blood keeps on flowing continuously. The bleeding does not stop immediately where the clotting factor is less.

   Facts to know:

  • ICMR-National Institute of Immunohematology was located in Mumbai.
  • Symptoms of Hemophilia are bleeding gums, skin peeling off easily, bloody nose, it is normal to have blue marks on the body, bleeding inside the eye and vomiting, Joint pain due to internal bleeding in the body, etc.
preparing for jeet

Preparing for Govt. Exams?

Here is you path to Jeet

View courses