IMPORTANT DAYS, BOOKS & AUTHORS
Every year, World Malaria Day is observed on the 25th of April by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to spread awareness of the disease Malaria. The day is one of the eleven official Global Public Health campaigns marked by the WHO.
This year, the WHO decided to celebrate the day with the theme ‘Harness innovation to reduce the malaria disease burden and save lives’.
Malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease caused by a parasite known as ‘Plasmodium parasite’ which spreads to humans through the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. If a person infected by a malarial parasite would typically start showing symptoms within 10-15 days of infection. The symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, abdominal pain, rapid breathing, and cough among others. It is preventable as well as curable.
In the year 2020, there were an estimated 241 million new cases of malaria and 627 000 malaria-related deaths in 85 countries. Among the overall deaths, two-thirds of deaths were among children under the age of 5 living in the African Region.
The ‘National Strategic Plan for Elimination of Malaria’ was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to achieve a target of becoming Malaria free country by 2027 and malaria elimination by 2030.