First Indigenous Prosthetic Knee


  • India’s first indigenous Polycentric Prosthetic Knee called ‘Kadam’ was launched by the  Indian Institute of Technology Madras.
  • The Hindi term ‘Kadam’ means ‘step’ was designed and developed by the TTK Center for Rehabilitation Research and Device Development at IIT-M.
  • It is a type of the Above Knee Prosthesis developed with an objective to improve the quality of life for thousands of above-knee amputees to walk with a comfortable gait.
  • It is also aimed to increase the user's community participation, access to education and livelihood opportunities and overall well-being.
  • The prosthetic knee has a maximum knee flexible of 160 degrees to make it easy to sit in cramped spaces like buses and autos.

Facts to know:


  • India’s first standing wheelchair: ‘Arise’ developed by IIT-M.
  • IIT-M was established in the year 1959.
  • The total number of IITs in India: 23 - functions under the Ministry of Education.
Polycentric Prosthetic Knee
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